The Gallery of Modern Art in Florence (Galleria d’Arte Moderna) is one of the museums inside the Pitti Palace. The museum exhibits paintings and sculptures from the period between the late 18th century and the First World War, covering movements from neoclassicism to romanticism.
The Macchiaioli movement plays a central role in the collection. This group of Tuscan painters was active in the second half of the 19th century, and stood at the base of impressionism. They rebelled against how art was taught at the academies and wanted to experiment with new techniques to capture light and shadow. The most prominent member of the Macchiaioli was Giovanni Fattori, of whom many works are included in the collection.
The gallery occupies over 30 rooms on the second floor of the Pitti Palace. The collection was moved here in 1922, into the apartments of the former Italian Royal Family and was opened to the public in 1928.